A board whose surfaces have printed current conductors with contact areas, which are used to connect components mounted on the boards according to the circuit diagram of a functional subassembly for electric or radio apparatus, and also have plated circuit holes and nonplated mounting holes. There are about 200 methods for making printed circuit boards; among the most important are the photochemical, photoelectrochemical, and offset-electrochemical methods. The methods differ in the means of producing the conductive coating or the form in which the pattern of the printed conductors is realized.
Electric circuit theory includes the study of all aspects of electric circuits, including analysis, design, and application. In electric circuit theory the fundamental quantities are the potential differences (voltages) in volts between various points, the electric currents in amperes flowing in the several paths, and the parameters in ohms or mhos which describe the passive elements. Other important circuit quantities such as power, energy, and time constants may be calculated from the fundamental variables. For a discussion of these parameters.
A plan, sketch, drawing, chart or graph, not necessarily representational, that explains, demonstrates or clarifies the arrangement and relationship of the parts to a whole.
In modeling a system, some parameters are first defined and equations governing system behavior are obtained. A block diagram is constructed, and the transfer function for the whole system is determined.