Now we have better ideas about how electricity works, we tend to talk about current as a flow of electrons, from negative to positive, in the opposite direction to the conventional current. When you are trying to figure out the rotation of a motor or a generator, be sure to remember that current means conventional current and not electron flow.
The first thing you will need to discover is whether you are dealing with a three-phase motor. You may already know this from the application, but another giveaway is that the lead wires of most three-phase motors are single colors, not multiple colors, and usually identified with numbers. If, on the other hand, the motor diameter is less than seven inches and has a terminal board, it is most likely a single-phase motor.
The shield strongly attenuates the electric field noise. Core to shield capacitance is added to the stray capacitance, increasing ground currents in the loop. These currents generate a magnetic field. It is important to minimize the area of this loop as far as possible by routing the cable close to grounded metalwork.
For wiring a single-phase motor, the most important objective is to distinguish the starting circuit from the main winding. These two circuits are isolated from one another electrically if the lead wires are separarted and not in contact with each other. Initially, the ohmeter can be used to determine which wire belongs to which circuit as well as checking continuity between leads.