Think of this as electrical volume. Amps can be determined by taking your voltage (12 volts) and dividing it by the resistance of a load. This is illustrated with the following formula: A = V/R
This article serves as a basic introduction to what is possible with hydraulics for your garden tractor. There are a wide variety of pumps, valves, motors, hoses, etc. I hope this article inspires you to research more of what you can do with the physics of fluid.
When something is wired “in parallel” it means it is wired alongside a circuit with its own positive wire. Now that we have a basic idea of electrical theory, let’s examine how it is all wired together. The example below illustrates wiring for an engine that uses battery ignition and a stator charging system.
This can be illustrated with this math formula: Force = Pressure x Area.So if we were to push liquid at 1,000 psi into a cylinder with an end area of 2 square inches we would produce 2,000 pounds of force. If we were to enlarge the end area by using a larger diameter hydraulic cylinder with a 4 square inch end area, we would produce 4,000 pounds of force. Since the displacement of the larger cylinder will be greater, our cylinder will move slower but with greater force. Like all other forms of mechanical advantage, we trade speed for power.