You can determine the amount of current being used and charged on your tractor’s system by placing the meter in-series with the circuits of the tractor. To do this: first remove your red probe and plug it into the 10 amp Max port on your DMM. Then set your DMM to DC Current with the range of 10 amps. Now you unplug the wire going to your ignition switch’s “B” terminal. By clipping alligator clips to your DMM probes you can now connect one probe to the “B” terminal of your ignition switch, and your other DMM probe to the wire that normally goes to “B” terminal on the ignition switch. Now when you run your tractor the current will flow through the meter and your DMM can give you a reading. It will tell you how many amps are flowing through your system.
Before using your DMM plug the two probes into their appropriate places on the meter. The black probe will plug into the common port labeled “COM.” The red probe will plug into the “VΩµmA” port for most testing.
The hydraulic system begins with the reservoir. This reservoir contains the oil used in the system. Oil is delivered from the reservoir to the hydraulic pump. From there the oil flows to the hydraulic control valve. Once activated, the valve will allow oil to flow to and from the hydraulic cylinder. At the same time, oil is moved from the cylinder back to the reservoir where the cycle repeats.
Since liquids exert force equally in all directions we can multiply the force it gives by increasing the surface area in which we want the liquid to push against. Typically we apply this principle in a hydraulic cylinder. The greater the surface area at the end of the cylinder, the more force gets exerted on the moving piston.