The unshielded conductors radiate an electric noise field that couples capacitively with adjacent wiring. Stray capacitance at A & C cause ground currents to flow creating a magnetic noise field that couples inductively with adjacent wiring.
You should be able to isolate into two groups any leads which have continuity with one another. The starting circuit is likely to isolate to two leads, the running circuit may have two or more leads that show continuity. If the running circuit has more than two leads, you will need to determine how those leads are to be used for voltage or speed changes.
As a technician, I naturally look at things from a nuts & bolts perspective. As technicians, we understand objects and assemblies. We understand how things come apart and go back together. Is not this what Einstein and Ohm did? They figured out how "it" comes apart, which led to the ability of others to put "it" back together.
Motor cables are defined as long when the motor frame is not bonded close enough to the drive panel to be considered a single ground plane. To be considered a single ground plane, the parts must be connected by a surface which is no longer than ten times its width.