The hydraulic system begins with the reservoir. This reservoir contains the oil used in the system. Oil is delivered from the reservoir to the hydraulic pump. From there the oil flows to the hydraulic control valve. Once activated, the valve will allow oil to flow to and from the hydraulic cylinder. At the same time, oil is moved from the cylinder back to the reservoir where the cycle repeats.
This article serves as a basic introduction to what is possible with hydraulics for your garden tractor. There are a wide variety of pumps, valves, motors, hoses, etc. I hope this article inspires you to research more of what you can do with the physics of fluid.
To turn your starter, electricity flows from the battery, through the ignition switch, and to the small terminals on the starter solenoid. This electricity causes an electromagnet inside the starter solenoid to connect the two heavy gauge wires and form a complete circuit. High amperage electric flow then goes through your starter, turning your engine’s flywheel.
The ignition circuit consists of your battery, ignition switch, ignition coil, breaker points, condenser, and spark plug. When your ignition switch is turned in the “start” and “run” position, the “I” or ignition terminal is energized and power flows from the battery through the primary winding of the ignition coil through the points and back to the engine ground. The primary winding of the ignition coil are the two small terminals marked + (positive) and – (negative). A small gauge wire goes from the ignition switch and connects to the + positive terminal of the ignition coil. The breaker points and condenser are both connected to the – (negative) terminal of the ignition coil. Your spark plug cable is connected to the secondary terminal which is the large wire port in the top of the ignition coil. Your spark plug is then connected to the high tension spark plug cable and screwed into your engine’s combustion chamber.