It is important to keep this struggle between performance and cost in mind when you talk to customers about energy-efficient motor-driven equipment. Yes, efficiency is probably more important to homeowners now than ever, but that efficient operation comes at a price. And motor manufacturers will keep working to strike that balance between motor performance, efficiency, and cost.
The power of simple is manifested in that others were able to build from the foundation Einstein identified and defined. They were able to accomplish things they most likely could not have otherwise. We also have experienced this phenomenon. Consider Ohm law. Georg Ohm did the hard work and broke down the complex to a simple law. We use the principles contained in that law as a starting point to understand the complexities of electricity and circuit dynamics.
Wiring diagrams happen to be a perfect vehicle for carrying the principles of technicians beyond nuts & bolts. First, the simple act of color-coding helps to bring out the true wealth of your knowledge and is an excellent step in diagram analysis. Beyond that, it is an amazing tool for developing the awareness needed to get on the road to becoming an expert learner.
You will need to use the ohmmeter as an ohmeter and not as a continuity checker for the next step in the procedure. You will want to use the lowest ohm scale your meter offers, as the typical winding resistance in motors such as these is less than 100 ohms. If the motor is a permanent split-capacitor motor, you are going to be looking for common and speed taps of the winding.