In 2015 I built a Front end Loader and a backhoe for a 1974 International Harvester Cub Cadet 149. I built the reservoir into one of the loader towers, and ran an 8 GPM gear pump off of the engine’s front PTO Shaft. This pump was connected to a 2 spool directional control valve with a power beyond port. This power beyond port supplied oil to a 6 spool control valve that controlled the backhoe. My hydraulic system is set to have a maximum pressure of 1,000 psi.
You can determine the amount of current being used and charged on your tractor’s system by placing the meter in-series with the circuits of the tractor. To do this: first remove your red probe and plug it into the 10 amp Max port on your DMM. Then set your DMM to DC Current with the range of 10 amps. Now you unplug the wire going to your ignition switch’s “B” terminal. By clipping alligator clips to your DMM probes you can now connect one probe to the “B” terminal of your ignition switch, and your other DMM probe to the wire that normally goes to “B” terminal on the ignition switch. Now when you run your tractor the current will flow through the meter and your DMM can give you a reading. It will tell you how many amps are flowing through your system.
The ability to detect, observe, and measure electricity is crucial when trying to understand how a tractor works and learning what you can do to fix it. The digital multi-meter is like a doctor’s stethoscope. It allows us to see the invisible force of electricity and measure how it interacts with the components in our engines and tractors. A digital multi-meter measures current (amps), voltage (volts), and resistance (ohms).
The reservoir holds the fluid; in the case of our garden tractors, oil. The pump moves oil throughout the entire system. The valve directs oil to different hydraulic cylinders or motors. The Piston or Motor is where the final work is performed. A piston will move loads up and down, and a motor will rotate. All of the components are connected by hydraulic hoses or lines.