For wiring a single-phase motor, the most important objective is to distinguish the starting circuit from the main winding. These two circuits are isolated from one another electrically if the lead wires are separarted and not in contact with each other. Initially, the ohmeter can be used to determine which wire belongs to which circuit as well as checking continuity between leads.
Think of the atoms of magnetic material as an unruly herd of cattle. Running electric current through the material will polarize these atoms, creating the magnetic field. But as I mentioned, this is an unruly herd, so it takes time for the current to bring all those atoms into formation.
Shield drain wire must be spliced only to mating shield drain wires and not grounded at the junction box. Feedback shields must be passed through pin for pin. Separate junction boxes for power and feedback are required.
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